Sunday, May 24, 2020
In most religions have similar views to each other when it comes to sex but, also different, in other ways. But, the majority believes sex before marriage is a sin. I grew up as a Mormon in California. Sometimes I am a little embarrassed to tell people that. My family and I went to church every Sunday and we followed all the typical Mormon rules. I could not date until sixteen, I dressed modestly so I did not tempt men to want sex with me, and I was expected to wait to have sex until I was married. Although, I do not consider myself a Mormon anymore it has really affected the way I view sex. We were taught in church that dating until sixteen was to help prevent premature sexual activity. I was taught all through life that sex was sort of a bad thing. Throughout my childhood they promoted dating, but limiting the dating for a more mature age. Kids these days become sexually active at a very young age and I think it worries the Mormon culture. I think this specific rule is good. I plan on using this rule with my children to let them try to be children for as long as they can. Most adolescents and children under the age sixteen are too young to handle the emotions involved with sex. Even though many teens argue they are ready to date and are capable of controlling their emotions before the age of 16. It is better to stay cautious and avoid dating too soon than the alternative. (Why does my Mormon friend not date until age 16? 2016.) Dressing modestly in 2016, is quiteShow MoreRelatedSex Before Marriage Is Immoral And Declared As A Sin918 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesviews on what we believe is right, it is more or less based on the way we were raised and our morals and beliefs. Once we hit puberty and start learning about sex, many of us get curious and begin to experiment in sexual activity. We are influenced by many things in media like movies, shows and songs, almost forcing us to believe that sex is the greatest thing in the entire world. Abstinence is a moral that i s almost completely abolished in this modern age. People who do practice abstinence areRead MorePremarital Sex Essay1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPremarital Sex Premarital sex is defined as when two people begin to engage in sexual intercourse before marriage. In todays society premarital sex has become part of the norm and has been accepted. Many young adults are living together before marriage and engaging in sexual activity. It has become apparent that more people are involving themselves in premarital sex and do not acknowledge that it is an immoral act. Sex has become a symbol for pleasure and is no longer considered sacred in todayÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MorePremarital Sex1099 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPremarital Sex: A Sin or Not? Thesis Statement: Some people are already doing sex before marriage because it does satisfy their sexual pleasures. Some think itÃ¢â¬â¢s good and natural because many people already engage to it. Some think itÃ¢â¬â¢s good and natural and they forgot that sex before marriage is a sin. It is unethical and evil in the eyes of GOD. Outline I. Definition of Premarital Sex A. Causes of Premarital Sex B. Effects of Premarital Sex II. Ethical or Not A.Read MoreSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States1390 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States When you see the word marriage, what do you see or think of? Majorities of Americans will see a man and a woman together. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s because it is a tradition that marriage is between a man and a woman. WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t it be nice if everyone could marry the love of their life? Unfortunately, same sex marriage is banned in thirty-two states and only legalized in eighteen states. So why canÃ¢â¬â¢t gay and lesbian couples marry each other? Same sex marriage is protectedRead MoreSexual Sin and Immorality in the Old Testament Essay1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswas well detailed in the Old Testament to the point that I could not ignore it. This topic of sexual sin and immorality was the one thing that festered throughout my time of reflection, and the verses and passages that I picked up on after rereading the Old Testament was enough evidence for me to write about it and how the grip it has on my life impacts me both personally and as a Christian. Sexual sin and immorality are both abh orred by the Lord, and through the words of the Old Testament, I am ableRead MoreExamine the Way in Which One Religion Uses Scripture as a Basis for Its Teachings on Sexual Behaviour1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescommand for the way in which sexual ethics is implemented. Christian teaching explores several issues in light of sexuality such as extra-marital and pre-marital sex, homosexuality and pro-creation and I will write about these in this essay. When looking at pre-marital sex, traditional Christian teachings of the bible suggest that sex is only for married couples and hetro-sexual couples. For example, Timothy 5:2: Ã¢â¬ËAs a Christian man, if you are not married to her, then she is your sister whom youRead MoreThe Rights Of Same Sex Couples1118 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoppho: Have you heard, Socrates, that our government is intending to extend the rights of marriages to same-sex couples? Under that change, gay partners will then be recognized equally as heterosexual husbands and wives. Socrates: Yes, but politicians and those in positions of influence have no business to mess with the standard of God relating to marriage, let alone decide to debate this issue as if it is open for discussion. Because of the way they are boasted, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a proper perspectiveRead MoreThe Flea, By Andrew Marvell996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthis our marriage bed, and marriage temple is.(line 12,13) The speaker is suggesting that through the flea the two are married. Marvell states, Ã¢â¬Å"Times winged Charriot hurrying near: And yonder all before us lyeÃ¢â¬ (line 22,23). The speaker is suggesting that since they are still young they do not have much time before their youth will be gone and death is near. The flea represents marriage, union, and consummation through intimacy. By mingling their blood, they were as one like a marriage. The fleaRead MoreWhy The Catholic Church Is Toward Sex And Dating892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"If youÃ¢â¬â¢re happy and you know it, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a sinÃ¢â¬ was a statement my former coworker made as to how he thought the Catholic Church viewed sexuality and dating. He made that statement because I had told them I was waiting for marriage and wanted to be chaste. Unfortunately this is the viewpoint as to how people think the Catholic Church is toward sex and dating. This deception is far from the truth, what the Catholic Church actually teaches is how to truly love to the fullest. When Catholic teens startRead MoreHomosexuality: Two Sides of the Debate1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, it is impossible to go two weeks without seeing a headline detailing a recently proposed law regarding same-sex marriages or a news report depicting a mildly influential individual being publicly crucified for expressing degrading comments about homosexuality. Despite the commotion that surrounds the issue, I believe that it is not that complicated of a topic. Personally, I believe that the dispute should be separated into two distinct situations with two distinct solutions
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
During the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, many inventions were made by Thomas Edison. He was an influential and dedicated inventor. At a young age, he gathered an abundance of information for his early inventions and because of that he quit his job to become a full-time inventor. In 1879, Edison invented electricity that created the first light bulb and also in 1877 he created the telegraph. Edison was significant for his life-changing inventions in society, that impacted othersÃ¢â¬â¢ view of the usage, and the legacy that it still maintains. Thomas Alva Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He came from a family of political activist. His father was a tavern owner and land speculator that helped him lead an up rise in Ontario for representative government. His grandfather fought during the American Revolution for the British and his mother was a school-teacher. Edison was considered a slow-person at school due to him started school at the age of eight. He had a hearing problem but was not fully deaf. Edison considered being deaf was a benefit because it was an advantage of focusing and let his brain not be filled with nonsense. His mother took him out and taught him herself tremendously. She taught him the basics in order for him to catch up and his father also introduced him to a philosopher, Thomas Paine. Edison read PaineÃ¢â¬â¢s book and was very interested. Thomas Paine was a philosopher who influenced the American Revolution by his writings. EdisonÃ¢â¬â¢s found PaineÃ¢â¬â¢s book interesting andS how MoreRelatedThe Invention Of Thomas Edison Essay1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImagine a world where ideas and inventions are stolen off each other with no legal consequences. Imagine a world where Samsung wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t sued by Apple because legally, there is no penalty for stealing designs. Imagine a world where Alexander Graham Bell or Thomas Edison wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t famous for their inventions because someone else had stolen their ideas and created the inventions publicly first. This is what the world would have been like without the use of patents. Patents ensure that no idea is stolen,Read MoreThe Invention Of Thomas Edison Essay1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThomas Edison is probably one of the world greatest inventors and largest contributors to the modern world we live in. Think of the world where candles were used more than light bulbs and there was no way to listen to music without it being live, or watching a motion picture movie. It seems impossible to have a world without these things but if Edison did not invent the footing for these objects they might not exist. Edison one of the most accomplished inventors to ever exist, with over one thousandRead MoreThe Invention Of Thomas Edison1227 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThomas Edison was a great businessman who held over one thousand patents for his amazing, tremendously life changing inventions. His entrepreneurship began when he was only twelve years old, when he began to sell his self-published newspaper to the people who passed by him, at the Ã¢â¬Å"Grand Trunk Railroad.Ã¢â¬ At this same exact railroad, he set up a lab and began experimenting with chemicals. At the age of twenty-two he moved to New York, where he worked on his version of the stock ticker. Edison seemedRead MoreThomas Edison s Invention Of The World1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJoey Schafer 2/16/16 Helman, 4 Thomas Edison Paper Thomas Alva Edison was one of the greatest inventors in the history of the world. He held 1,093 patents over his life, including patents for an incandescent light bulb, a projector, a battery, and a sound recorder. Thomas Edison was clearly an amazing inventor. Thomas, or Al, as his family nicknamed him, was born on February 11, in 1847. He was the youngest child in his family. His father was named Samuel, and had had many jobs, including beingRead MoreThe Invention Of The Incandescent Light Bulb By Thomas Alva Edison1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontributions of a single man. Thomas Alva Edison was a renowned American inventor of the nineteenth century who has contributed greatly to the world. Edison is most famously known for his invention of the incandescent light bulb, but many people are blind to his other achievements that have contributed immensely to society. There was more to Thomas Edison than his numerous inventions. Paul B. Israel, Director and General Editor of the Thomas A. Edison Papers at Rutgers, describes Edison as a Ã¢â¬Å"symbol of mythicRead MoreThomas Alva Edison: The Man of a Thousand Inventions Essay1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(Sullivan 5).Ã¢â¬ These are the word that Thomas Alva Edison lived his life by. This is w hy he is known as the greatest inventor in Americas history. Thomas was granted 1093 patents over his life time. Some of the main inventions that changed the world are the electric light bulb, phonograph and movie camera and projector and much more(Jenkins 1). Thomas Edison is well known for his invention of electricity but he has made many more contributions to society. Edison was born on February 11, 1887 in MalianRead MoreSong Cover Designer : By Thomas Edison s Invention Of The Gramophone1756 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAlbum Cover Designer About: The world of music was changed in the late 1800s with Thomas EdisonÃ¢â¬â¢s invention of the gramophone. Since then the technology used to play and record music has evolved, starting first on cylinders, then to records, cassette tapes, compact discs and now digital files. The first record album covers were first designed in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. While the size and format of Ã¢â¬Ëalbum coversÃ¢â¬â¢ continues to change, the visual design that goes with recorded music remains important. TheRead MoreThe Invention Of The Light Bulb1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHave you ever wondered who invented the light bulb? Well here is some history on the inventor Thomas Alva Edison. Thomas was on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He did many great inventions during his life. I will tell you later on in the paper about some of his inventions. In 1844- His family moved to Port Huron, Michigan, where Edison attended public school for only a total of 12 weeks. He was pulled out of the public school and home schooled due to being called a hyperactive child.Read MoreThe Wizard of Menlo Park and the Master of Lighting Essay1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThomas Edison and Nikola Tesla were two of the most influential minds of the 1800s. Edison, the Wizard of Menlo Park, worked hard his whole life to achieve great feats in science. Tesla, the Master of Lightning, had a brilliant mind and contributed to an electronic growth that changed American history. Thomas Edison is such a familiar name, but Tesla on the other hand is more obscure. Edison is widely known by the American public, but his intellectual equal and adversary is often forgotten. EdisonRead MoreAnalysis Of Thomas Alva Edison s Life1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThomas Alva Edison was born February 11, 1847, in Milan Ohio. He was the seventh and last child born to Samuel Edison Jr. and Nancy Elliot Edison. He would be one of the four to survive to adulthood. During the Civil War, Edison learned a lot about the emerging technology of telegraphy. He traveled around the country doing lots of work in this field. Edison began to develop serious hearing loss early in life, in which many believed came from a serious case of scarlet fever or some type of blow
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Section 1 Abstract Biography Aaron T. Beck Aaron T. Beck (July 18, 1921) was born in Providence, Rhode Island USA, the youngest child of four siblings. We will write a custom essay sample on Aaron Beck or any similar topic only for you Order Now Beck attended Brown University, graduating magna cum laude in 1942, then attended Yale Medical School, graduating with an M. D. in 1946. He is an American psychiatrist and a professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. Beck developed cognitive therapy in the early 1960s, he is widely regarded as the father of cognitive therapy,and his ioneering theories are widely used in the treatment of clinical depression. Beck also developed self-report measures of depression and anxiety including Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Youth Inventories. He is the President Emeritus of the Beck Inst and the Honorary President of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy, which certifies qualified cognitive therapists. BeckÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter, Judith S. Beck, is also a researcher in the field of ognitive therapy and President of the Beck Institute. She is married with f our children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has nine grandchildren. Section 2 Question #1 Beck developed cognitive therapy in the early 1960s. He had previously studied and practiced psychoanalysis. Beck designed and carried out a numberof experiments to test psychoanalytic concepts of depression. Fully expecting research would validate these fundamental precepts, he was surprised to find the opposite. This research led him to begin to look for other ways of conceptualizing depression. Working with depressed patients, he found that they experienced streams of negative thoughts that seemed to pop up spontaneously. He termed these cognitions Ã¢â¬Å"automatic thoughts,Ã¢â¬ and discovered that their content fell into three categories: negative ideas about themselves, the world and the future. Beck then developed self-report measures of depression and anxiety including Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Youth Inventories. Section 3 Question # 2 I think Beck seen human beings as basically being good. Beck states that depressive cognition could be a result of traumatic experience or incapable of adapting coping skills. Depressive people have a negative perception or belief about themselves and their environment. According to Beck,Ã¢â¬ If beliefs do not change, there is no improvement. If beliefs change, symptoms change. Ã¢â¬ I think this means that your thoughts and beliefs affect your behavior, He believed that bad behavior is caused due to bad thinking, and that thinking is shaped by our beliefs. How to cite Aaron Beck, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Report on Clinical Safety? Answer: 1) Appraisal of Charlies safety performance Charlie neglects his supervisors orders as well as basic rules (Wachter,2012) of healthy appearance and collecting blood from a patient. 2) Identification of Safety issues/violation by Charlie in Lab Charlie has violated the appearance rules(unshaved beard, dirty fingernails, no lab coat) as well as the clinical safety regulations (no gloves/PPE during blood collection, backdated medicine disposal in hospital drain, checking(blood clots) and mixing chemicals with bare/unwashed hands, no updating of inventory list and arrangement of equipment ) . 3) Safety Improvement Recommendations According to MSDS report, acetic acid is extremely hazardous to respiratory tracts, eyes and skin and sodium azide can cause irritation in skin and eyes (Faggian et al., 2014). Charlie should not pour those in the drain. He should be clean before entering the hospital and use lab coat regularly. Use of gloves, PPE is urgent while collecting samples from the patient. References Faggian, V., Scanferla, P., Paulussen, S., Zuin, S. (2014). Combining the European chemicals regulation and an (eco) toxicological screening for a safer membrane development.Journal of Cleaner Production,83, 404-412.
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
Martha Mccaskey Case Study Paper Veronica Koskovich-Underwood MgtOp 587 Martha McCaskey Case Study Ethical Issues At issue in the Martha McCaskey case is a question of proprietary information. More specifically, McCaskey is faced with the question of what constitutes proprietary information and what is safe to give to the client without breaching any trade secrets. According to DeGeorge, proprietary information, or trade secrets, are a right of each corporation that they can legally and morally protect and refuse to divulge to the public. The types of information that Seleris client is asking for about their target company are held tightly by the target to ensure their market share. If the information is given to competitors, they will lose their advantage. However, if specific information as to the new chip is not released but instead is based on industry standards and already publicly-held information, the trade secrets would still be upheld, as there is no way to know for sure that the target is using exactly what has been found. Another issue that McCaskey faces is the methods used to obtain the information to be given to the client. We will write a custom essay sample on Martha Mccaskey Case Study specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Martha Mccaskey Case Study specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Martha Mccaskey Case Study specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer As mentioned above, if it comes directly from the target, it would be releasing trade secrets and infringing on the targets right to hold those. In this case, McCaskey has been asked to not contact the target in order to keep them from knowing that the client is looking into the new chip. In order to get the specific information that they are after, McCaskey will have to use alternative means such as contacting other competitors in the industry, vendors of the target, and possibly ex-employees of the target. Hackert and Malone are pushing for McCaskey to use Phil Devon after learning that he worked for the target in the past. Devon seems open to supplying McCaskey with any information that she needs, but she may be breaching the targets right to trade secrets by doing so. If he has stayed in the loop with the target and has direct knowledge of the new chip and the procedures being used there, she would ultimately be passing on information that the client has no right to. However, there is a chance that he has no direct knowledge of the new chip nd would only be giving her information that he has obtained in helping other clients out. Even that could be breaching areas of confidentiality though, as she would not know if the other companies held that information closely so the possibility of breaching other trade secrets is unknown. Also at issue is management encouraging what could be seen as unethical methods to complete the projects. As discussed in the Don Taylor case, management has a duty to operate the company as ethically as possible. By encouraging these unethical activities to McCaskey, Malone and Hackert are saying that they are supportive of using unethical methods in order to further IAD and Seleris, as well as their clients. The case material discussed that IAD did not have any written policies in place in regards to solicitation and acceptable methods to complete contracts. Richardson would occasionally hold lunch meetings in which he would state that no one should use unethical behaviors, but remained vague in just what that meant. DeGeorge notes that a business has the duty to give clear policies to its employees in order for them to complete their jobs accurately and as desired. Employees also cannot be required to act unethically on the job. Malone and Hackert are impeding McCaskeys responsibility to complete her job ethically by encouraging her to use Devon no matter what the cost. Another issue that should be noted is the personal issue that McCaskey has in deciding between staying silent on the matter and completing her job as requested, or in voicing her concerns. In the Ã¢â¬Å"Conflict on a Trading FloorÃ¢â¬ case and the Don Taylor case, it was noted that it is our duty to report any unethical proceedings in the work place. However, DeGeorge notes that employees do not have an obligation to create serious risk to themselves without some compensation to be gained. In McCaskeys case, she knows of no immediate benefit to her calling out the policies that are being implemented by the old guard. In fact, she has been all but guaranteed a promotion, raise, and easier job duties if she successfully completes the project. It does not appear that those in the new guard are using the same methods and there has been a significant amount of turnover in the past couple of years at IAD. There is a chance that future replacements will not be willing to use the same methods and the problem will eradicate itself. But by remaining silent, she becomes part of the problem and may have to violate her own moral beliefs. On the other hand, if McCaskey brings attention to what she considers an unethical procedure, she could be at risk with her job. She could be seen as a troublemaker and put back on team projects that are not to her liking. She would almost certainly be pulled from this project which would result in no promotion, further hurting her own well-being. A fourth issue that may not deal directly with McCaskey would be whether it is appropriate for Phil Devon to be releasing the information that he may have on the target company that he used to work for, or from other companies that he has assisted on new projects with since leaving the target. As an employee of the target, he would be directly breaching the right of the target to have trade secrets. However, as he no longer works there, Devon is not obliged to consider the interests of the target any longer. Unless a noncompete agreement was signed when he left, he is technically not doing anything wrong by divulging information that he may have on the company. This same logic would apply to any of the other companies that Devon has consulted with recently. Case Analysis The three primary alternatives that are to be considered are: 1) hiring Phil Devon and Martha McCaskey working with him directly; 2) hiring Phil Devon and having another associate work with him while Martha McCaskey remains project leader; and 3) Martha McCaskey stepping down from the project and voicing her concerns about the methods used within IAD. The primary stakeholders that have been identified are: 1) McCaskey; Tom Malone and Bud Hackert; Seleris; Target company; Client; and Phil Devon; 2) McCaskey; Malone and Hackert; Seleris; Target company; Kauffman (or the employee chosen to work with Devon; and Phil Devon; 3) McCaskey; Malone and Hackert; IAD; Target company; and Client. From a utilitarian perspective, option one woud result in the greatest net welfare for the stakeholders identified. While it goes against what McCaskey believes in and hurts the target company the most, all other layers considered receive the greatest benefit out of this option. Under the utilitarian method, more of the stakeholders receive benefits than costs with option one. Malone, Hackert, Seleris, and the client achieve the end result that they are ultimately wanting from the situation. Malone and Hackert retain a major client for Seleris and IAD remains in good standing with corporate. Seleris sees growth as a company and retains a large portion of their current business. The client receives the information they are seeking and is able to better compete with the competition. However, all of these stakeholders are setting precedence in the methods that are used to obtain the information and completing projects. Phil Devon receives a large financial consideration for his assistance on the project, but risks possible lawsuits or future retribution from the client for releasing sensitive information on them. The target company sees the greatest cost by having confidential information leaked to a competitor and no longer having the niche in the industry that they would have otherwise. McCaskey sees the greatest mixture of benefits and costs, but ultimately sees more negatives than positives. She successfully completes the project and receives the promotion and raise, follows her superiors wishes, and retains a major client for IAD and Seleris. However, she does not follow her own moral judgement and is directly responsible for the way the project is completed. She also is setting a precedence of methods that she is willing to use and for methods that will be acceptable under her as manager. Under the second option, assuming that the project is successfully completed to the clients liking and McCaskey receives her promotion, many of the same costs and benefits come into play. The additional player in this scenario, Kauffman, would most likely receive praise and possibly compensation for his role in the completion of the project, but would be being used to do the unethical activities that no one else is willing to. McCaskey does have the added benefit of not directly doing the unethical research, but she is causing Kauffman to act unethically by having him work directly with Devon. With the third option, assuming that the project is not successfully completed without McCaskey and she does not receive her promotion, more costs occur for the stakeholders identified. McCaskey would be upholding her moral values, but she would not receive the promotion and would have to continue doing the tedious fieldwork that she has been doing. This option could result in being given only problem projects that no one else wants in the future, she could be labeled a troublemaker, and she would lose her good standing with upper management. A slight possibility would exist that her actions would bring about positive changes in the division and/or corporation, if management takes note of her concerns and decides to implement policies that would prevent these happenings from occurring again. Malone and Hackert would lose McCaskey as a good candidate for group leader, as well as a major client and future additional projects. IAD not only would lose a major client and future business from them, but would also most likely come under scrutiny of corporate. The client loses the ability to compete head on with the target company by not receiving the information they requested. They would also lose a consulting firm for future projects if they decide Seleris is no longer fulfilling their duties as their consultants. The target company would see the largest benefit from this option, as their trade secrets would not be leaked and they would retain their market niche with the new chip. From a rights and duties perspective, even though a greater number of rights and duties are upheld with options one and two, option three is preferred in that it upholds the more important rights and duties of McCaskey and the target company. When adding weight for importance to the rights of performing your job ethically and retaining trade secrets, the greatest good comes from option three where both of these rights are upheld. An analysis of rights and duties shows a greater number of rights and duties upheld than not with option one. By hiring Phil Devon and completing the project successfully, all stakeholders except for Devon and the target are fulfilling their duty to maximize profits and act in the best interest of their immediate stakeholders. For example, McCaskey is acting in the best interest of IAD by retaining a client and bringing in future profits from this client. The client is acting in the best interest of their own shareholders by finding a way to compete directly with the target and thereby maximizing profits. McCaskey is also upholding her duty to obey her supervisors and to act in her own best interest by ensuring she receives the promotion and raise. However, she is defying her duty to not harm others by completing research that she knows will directly harm the target and their business interests. She is also denying herself the right to perform her job ethically and not upholding the norms of her profession. Malone and Hackert see their authority rights upheld, but dont uphold McCaskeys right and duty to perform her job ethically. The target companys right to keep trade secrets is being denied. Devon is acting in his own best interest, as well as his familys, but he is not conducting business ethically and is denying the target the right to have trade secrets. With option two, most of the rights and duties remain the same. Regardless of whether McCaskey performs the research herself or just oversees it, she is not changing the overall picture. She has actually brought someone else into an ethical dilemma by choosing not to address it head on. Now Kauffman is not upholding the duty to perform his job ethically, nor does he uphold the norms of his profession. Option three results in more rights and duties being denied to the majority of the stakeholders. McCaskey sees more of her rights and duties upheld than the other options, as she is using her right to voice ethical concerns in the workplace and upholding her duty not to harm others and to uphold the standards of her profession. The target company is also seeing more rights upheld, as they retain their right to hold trade secrets and to fair competition in the marketplace. Malone, Hackert, IAD, and the client, however, see more rights and duties denied. All fail at their duty to maximize profits for the division and company, while Malone and Hackert lose their right to authority. But all are now upholding the individual rights and duties held by McCaskey and the target. From a justice perspective, option three upholds fairness for the target company by not releasing confidential information, for McCaskey by not requiring her to do something that could be considered ethically wrong, and for all others by not allowing them to profit from unethical behaviors. In all three options, distributive justice is more of a concern than any other kind. By completing the project and obtaining the data from Devon, regardless of whether done by McCaskey or by Kauffman, all stakeholders except for the target receive benefits from unethical proceedings that are not right. McCaskey receives a promotion and higher pay, IAD and Seleris receive full payment on the contract and even receive additional contracts because of the successful completion, Devon receives a large payment for releasing information that is confidential, and the client will most likely receive a greater market share of the new chip than they would have otherwise. The target, however, loses market share from the divulgence of this information. However, in option three, all parties receive the compensation that they deserve from the situation. The target retains its market share while the others lose out on money from their unethical dealings. While option one or two could be argued from a utilitarian perspective, the added weight of importance to the rights and duties method, as well as the clear indication by the justice perspective, option three supports more of the prominent concerns in this case. I therefore propose option three as the best option for McCaskey to move forward with. Broad Implications of the Case One of the more prominent themes to this case is the issue of proprietary information and means used to obtain it from competitors. According to DeGeorge, businesses have the right, both legally and morally, to have trade secrets to help protect specific facts about their products or processes. However, it is not discussed who outside the immediate company employees have any duty to protect those secrets. As technology moves further and further ahead, the implications of trade secrets being leaked becomes greater. Without the trade secrets, there is no way to protect yourself from a competitor moving in on your niche in the market that you may otherwise have had they not obtained the secrets. But on the other side is the right to a competitive marketplace and the duty to maximize profits for the competitor. Consulting firms such as Seleris in the case are becoming a more common option to obtain trade secrets. But employees of these firms eed to take into consideration the ethical connotations to what they are doing by assisting in the gathering of this information. While they have no immediate duty to the competitors to help protect the information, from an ethical perspective the methods that they use to obtain it could be negative. Trade secrets are at a greater risk as the present trend in the workplace continues of employees moving around from job to job during their careers. No l onger are employees with the mindset that they should stay with the same firm throughout their career to ensure a better retirement package. If an employee is not guaranteed to stay with a firm, what information should they actually have access to? In most cases, this is now limited to only what they need to know to complete their individual job. Also of note is what constitutes proprietary information. DeGeorge defines it as any trade secrets that a company can legally and morally protect from others. But in order to legally defend data in the current day, you would need a patent or trademark, which often times canÃ¢â¬â¢t be obtained until the item has a prototype developed. This makes it more difficult to protect new projects from being copied by competitors. Another theme that is touched on in the case and brought out in the issue of proprietary information is employee loyalty and duties to their current employers. DeGeorge explains that while companies would like to have both loyalty to the firm during employment, it cannot be demanded. Corporations want employees to perform their jobs to the best of their abilities and to do what needs to be done to ensure the success of the company. However, in the present day workforce, it is more common to hear employees talking about what the company can do for them. It is not uncommon to switch jobs several times during your career, nor to apply the knowledge that youve gained from a past job on a current one. DeGeorge states that while workers have rights on the job, they also have duty to perform the job for which they are hired. That being said, the employer cannot require an employee to do something that is illegal or unethical. Usually businesses have policies in place that help define what workers rights and responsibilities are. Employees need to take the time to review this information and ask questions about the policies prior to being hired on to ensure that they are comfortable with what is being asked of them. However, policies will not address every instance that could possibly occur during an employment. Employees need to know their basic rights and processes available to them so that they can address any conce rns as they arise. While employed by a particular organization, the employee has a responsibility to not sabotage the activities of the company. However, once employment ends, that responsibility is gone. But is there still a responsibility to protect trade secrets and sensitive information that you may have had access to once in a new position? A trend that is starting in the current workforce is to impose noncompete agreements with employees who are leaving and who had access to sensitive information to help curb this issue. Overall, the protection of proprietary information seems to have a direct relation to the loyalty and obedience that employees show a firm. Ultimately, it is the individual employee who needs to make the conscience decision to help protect the information. While competitors may be able to gain some insight on what is going on behind closed doors through competitors and basic industry trends of the time, without firsthand knowledge of what a specific company is pursuing, it is more difficult to know for sure if your recreation of their item will be better than what they have done and win you the market on the item.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Arab Conflict essays The Nazis used to say openly, 'we use democracy in order to destroy democracy.' Muslim terrorists and their international allies do not hesitate to use democracy in order to destroy it. Today, their 'Satan' is the U.S., Israel, or the promoters of the sin, 'The Western Civilization.' In order to stop them we must see reality from their vantage point, to expose their mind. It is the only way by which we can combat, challenge, thwart or prevent their wish to harm us. Recently, an expert on terrorism who also published a book and worked in the prestigious National Security Council, Dr. Jessica Stern, published an op-ed in the New York Times (Feb. 28, 2001) entitled, Execute Terrorists at Our Own Risk. She called on America not to use the death penalty against any convicted terrorist. For my point of view it is a call to 'appease' terrorists or potential terrorists. We tell them: "Go ahead, use our democracy, our law and order for your goals. We will never kill you." They who kill children and women, military and civilian people alike, have the right to kill but we, the victims or the potential victims, must obey the law and only put them in jails with the option of their friends blackmailing us. Many people, for a thousand and one reasons or motives, express their objection to the death penalty in principle. But Ms. Stern brings an old notion, an old argument: when you execute a terrorist, you created a martyr. (She said: "a risk") Yes, a martyr! Furthermore, she also argued that we should not have executed the American terrorist, McVeigh, because we create a martyr! Who will admire him as a martyr? I do not understand why she discussed McVeigh together with the issue of Muslim terrorism. She wants to save, from execution, those terrorists who killed 242 people in Kenya and Tanzania. Some of them are on trial in our courts. There is always an element of revenge. When you punish a terrorist, you know that his comrades might act...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
American Academy of Physicians Assistants - Essay Example The organization strives to enhance an improvement in healthcare through efforts to improve on the quality of the healthcare, the accessibility, and cost effectiveness (DEA Publishes Final Rule to Reclassify Hydrocodone Combination Products. (n.d.). The organization is guided by a comprehensive strategic plan through which the purpose for their existence is well laid out. Through such a comprehensive plan, the organization intends to achieve an acceleration of reforms both at the national and at the state levels majoring on increased access to healthcare and a reduction in costs (American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA)., 2012). They also intend to ensure that the patients who visit various healthcare centers get the value for their money. Through their consumer centric healthcare approach, the organization wants to make sure that key health decision making is left in the hands of the consumers of the products together with the key organizations who play a major role in the industry. They as well intend through competitive healthcare structures that the consumer get quality. Thie is well planned by way of consolidating the industry and the vertical integration of all the industry players. Such strategies are intended to open up the playing field making sure that there is a level play ground hence players are able to come in with their varied models (DEA Publishes Final Rule to Reclassify Hydrocodone Combination Products. (n.d.). These and more are the main issues that the society have come to realize as having an impact on the American population. Therefore, they are position the Pas by equipping them with skills and knowledge to combat such challenges head on. Through the values the organization stand for such as leadership and service, unity and teamwork, accountability and transparency as well as excellence and equity: the organization is able to impact positively on their stakeholders. The patients in the US as a result will be in the position